贺天健，字健叟，别号纫香居士，生于清光绪十七年(1891年).4岁人塾读书。幼年喜欢绘画，9岁从邑人孙云泉学肖像画，10岁时无机 会临摹明代沈周、文徵明等书画大家的山水画，16岁时就画出巨幅卷轴“石门摩崖”民国 3年(1914年)，他担任无锡积馀小学国文教员兼美术教员.后寄寓上海，专门从事绘画艺术创作和研讨 ，曾主编《画学月刊》，并与黄宾虹等编印《国画月刊》，将当代的国画名作汇编成《中国古代 名画汇刊》出版。他临摹了中国历代各派名画，走遍了祖国的名山大川，进行实地写生，创作出《黄山深处》、《善卷下洞》等作品。贺天健被聘为北京地方 美术学院民族美术研讨 所研讨 员。1956年任上海中国画院副院长。其作品《东风吹到好江山》参加世界美术博览会，获1 等奖。1960年，他被丹麦康纳美术家协会聘为会员。1962年在丹麦举行个人画展，丹麦美术界誉之为“水墨画大师”。
1909年 以书画为业，曾任中华书局图画编辑、上海民国第1 图书局筹备处编辑部国画教授、无锡积余高等学校国文教员兼美术教员。
1910年 去南京求学，后转至上海，进中华书局任编辑员。翌年考入南洋中学，并在民国第1 图画局从事绘画。
1914年 任无锡积馀小学国文教员兼美术教员。翌年寄寓上海，专事画艺创作和研讨 。
1915年 在上海从事书画艺术的创作和研讨 。
1923年 被推为中国画会主任委员，主编《画学月刊》，编印《国画月刊》，出版《中国古代 名画汇刊》。
1924年 和1926年，与胡汀鹭等前后 创办无锡美专和锡山书画社。
1942年 主编出版《中国古代 名画汇刊》。
1953年 任地方 美术学院民族美术研讨 所研讨 员。
1959年 创作国画《九皇山梅山水库》，参加社会主义国家外型 艺术展览。作品《东风吹到好江山》参加世界美术博览会荣获1 等奖。为人民大会堂创作巨幅《河清万里图》。着有《学画山水自述》1 书，并出版《贺天健画集》多种。
32岁后任无锡、南京艺专和上海美专山水画教授，并主编过《画学月刊》、《国画月刊》。解放后曾任中国民族美术研讨 所研讨 员，上海文史馆馆员，西泠印社社员，中国美术家协会理事、中国美协上海分会副主席，上海中国画院副院长，丹麦康纳画会会员，上海中国书法篆刻研讨 会会员。
贺氏很早就认识到了学山水画和学画山水之间的区别，为此贺氏提出了山水画与理想 当中 的真山水有着本质的不同。
“世界上有三个山水境地：1 是人世间的山水实境，1 是唐宋历代诗里的山水境地，1 是画里边的山水境地。”最后 的贺天健认为人世间的山水始终没有诗画当中 的山水好，为了证明 这1 点，他曾多处寻觅与诗画中类似 的山水实境。
后来的贺天健因着“四王”1 派的画家常在画上题写临仿抚拟某家笔意，而究溯根源，直上追宋元后，才恍然大悟“才晓得 宋元人的画所以好，是从真山真水里去学来的”因而 ，又改变了对真山真水的看法，以“师法造化”来要求本身 。
贺天健对于画学的理性思辨，1 方面可以从他的课徒稿中认识：从唐至清，1 代1 代零碎 的演化 ；将真实山石与古本名作加以对照。另1 方面也体如今 他教先生 画山水的独特思路：贺天健在教先生 临摹临本的时候，常常 给先生 挑选不清楚的印本临，由于 贺氏认为如果临清楚的临本，临的人不要动脑筋了，就不能发现成绩 。必然 要有了矛盾而后有解决的机会，先生 在这时候 也用得着老师的帮助。
有人评价贺天健的画是豪迈、英爽、秀劲、逸宕、精奇、伟丽，在近代书画史上可以说是一名 真实的 大家。
1 是擅长 笔墨，画重思辨。
民国中期以后 的海上画坛，称得上画学研讨 家兼画家的，当时有三杰，即黄宾虹、贺天健和郑午昌。这三人都是著论等身，都曾身兼刊物主编、理论作家和画家等多重身份，又精研画史画理，并付诸实践。但细细评来，黄宾虹虽重理论，但他的画理事实上是为他的创作实践服务的，即画为主，论为辅，本着一向 固执 的“笔墨”精神，他构成 了带较强客观 色彩的史论观点和评判标准。真正做到对中国传统山水画史条分缕析、类聚群分而择善从流，同时又将每1 时期的画理所得整理归纳、相反相成 地利用 于本身 绘画进步的，贺天健堪称为最。
贺天健注重 师法造化，但并非普通 意义上的“搜尽奇峰打草稿”，他更看重吴道子“臣无粉本，并记于心”和顾恺之“迁想妙得”这两句名言。他看真山水，便是精深透彻地看，将眼前丘壑并记于心，而不是为画而画的态度，1 见东西就画，画完就忘的那种。这类 现场默记，而培养胸怀 ，启发心机，能“迁想”、“移情”于日后创作的功夫，是贺天健自20岁后不断 坚持的“课业”。所以，不管 是贺天健自行创稿，还是课徒授学，他都是把写生山水、培养胸怀 而拨动画机作为实践经验中重要的1 环。而在他暮年 的创作谈中，曾援用 庄子的“用志不纷，乃凝于神”来说明凝神领会造化精神对国画创作更深层的重要性。
He Tianjian, the word Jian sou, alias sewing lay incense, born seventeen years Guangxu (1891).4 year olds school reading. Childhood love painting, 9 years old from the Yi people Sun Yunquan portrait, at the age of 10 have the opportunity to copy the Ming Dynasty Shen Zhou and Wen Zhiming painting all the landscape painting, at the age of 16 to draw a huge scroll "Shimen cliff" in 3 years (1914), he served as the Wuxi primary school Chinese teachers and other product art teacher. As Shanghai, specializing in the art of painting creation and research, the editor of "painting" and "painting published monthly, monthly" with Huang Binhong, the compilation of contemporary painting masterpieces into modern paintings of "China" published. He copied Chinese ancient factions paintings, all over the country are well-known mountains and rivers, field sketching, creation of "Mount Huangshan", "deep hole" and other works under the lake. He Tianjian was hired as a research fellow at the National Institute of fine arts, China Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing. In 1956, Shanghai Chinese academy vice president. His work, "the east wind blow to the good river" to participate in the world art fair, won the first prize. In 1960, he was hired by the Danish Connor Artists Association as a member. 1962 in Denmark held a personal exhibition, the Danish art world as a master ink painting".
In 1907, he was admitted to the Suzhou Institute of teacher support.
In 1909 painting industry, served as picture editor, Zhonghua Book Bureau Shanghai Preparatory Office of the first editorial department of Chinese painting, Wuxi University Professor Ji Yu Chinese teacher and art teacher.
In 1910 to study in Nanjing, then in Shanghai, served as the editor in Chinese publishing house. The following year admitted to Nanyang middle school, and in the first picture agency engaged in painting.
1914, Wuxi area primary school Chinese teacher art teacher and rest. The following year ignited Shanghai, specializing in art creation and research.
The creation and research of painting and calligraphy art in Shanghai in 1915.
1920 in Xishan, the founder of the Wuxi painting and calligraphy.
1921 and friends founded the Wuxi Academy of fine arts. He was a professor of Nanjing Academy of fine arts, Shanghai art college, Wuxi Academy of fine arts painting, painting China chairman. Editor in chief "the monthly magazine of painting", "Chinese Painting Monthly".
In 1923 pushed for the China painting director, editor of "painting" magazine published monthly "," traditional Chinese painting "," painting of modern publishing China.
In 1924 and 1926, and Hu Ting heron, has founded Wuxi Academy of fine arts and Calligraphy Society of Xishan.
In 1929 with the people in Shanghai bees ". During the period of Wuxi, Nanjing and taught in the Shanghai School of fine arts, flourishing art school.
In 1942 the editor of the publication of "modern" paintings of China.
1953 as the National Fine Arts Institute of China Central Academy of Fine Arts researcher.
In 1956, the vice president of Shanghai painting academy.
In 1959 the creation of Chinese painting "Nine Emperor," in mountain reservoir, socialist country art exhibition. Works "the east wind blows to the good country" to participate in the world art fair to win the first prize. The Great Hall of the people for the creation of a huge "Heqing miles map". There is a landscape painting "readme" books, and published the "He Tianjian album" variety.
In 1960, he was a member of the Danish Connor Artists Association.
At the age of 32, he served as Wuxi Nanjing academy and Shanghai Academy of fine arts professor of landscape painting, and edited "painting", "painting" monthly magazine. After the liberation of former China of National Art Institute, Shanghai museumlibrarian, Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society members, Chinese Artists Association, China Artists Association vice chairman of the Shanghai branch, Shanghai Chinese academy vice president Connor, the Danish Painting Association, member of Shanghai Chinese calligraphy will.
1962 in Denmark held a solo exhibition, known as the master of ink painting".
April 2, 1977 died in Shanghai.
Everyone in modern landscape, with painting painting attitude in addition to Zhang Daqian, and he tonge. Here the so-called "art" refers to the painting theory diligently pursuit or brain paint also said. And the same as the "draw", Zhang Daqian is based on the aspect of talent, but he is spontaneous to draw reasonable thinking.
He was early to recognize the difference between landscape painting and landscape painting school, therefore Hayes proposed landscape painting and the reality of the real landscape are essentially different.
"There are three landscape situation of the world: one is the landscape of reality, a poem in Tang and Song Dynasty landscape painting is a position inside the landscape." First he Tianjian hold all landscape poem. The landscape has not been good, in order to prove this point, he had many looking for similar landscape poetry and painting in reality.
By "and" a painter He Tianjian later wrote in the painting often imitated a quasi fu styles, and the back straight roots, chasing the song, "I know people only see light suddenly painting song so good, so is from the true mountain water to learn to" change the true mountain water views, to their own requirements to "learning from nature".
He Tianjian for painting rational thinking, one can know from his class and release from Tang Zhiqing, the evolution of generation system; real rocks and ancient masterpieces to be controlled. On the other hand is also reflected in the way he taught students in landscape painting: He Tianjian to copy when teaching students, students tend to choose this unclear pro, because Hayes believes that if Pro clear to the people, do not use their brains, cannot find problems. There must be a contradiction and have the opportunity to resolve the students at this time also need the help of the teacher.
The early Zhao Ziang Hayes Book wind small italics, quite Seiko straighten, 23 after rewriting Longmen twelve products, Zhang Menglong monument, Zhang Heinv monument, until after the age of thirty-seven began to change, Yu Shinan, Li Beihai, Xi Chu Henan.
Some evaluation he Tianjian painting is bold, bright and brave, show strength, Yidang, odd, in the history of modern painting velly, can be said to be a real you.
A comprehensive overview of the art characteristics of the new, may be summarized as two points:
One is longer than the pen and ink, painting heavy speculation.
The so-called painting ink language personality and heavy speculation, can be regarded as the new talent more unique characteristics of tonge.
The Republic of China after the middle of the sea called painting, painting research home and painter, was three, namely Huang Binhong, he and Zheng Wuchang tonge. These three people are so on, have a journal editor, writer and painter in theory of multiple identities, and finishing painting history and theory, and put into practice. But careful review, although Huang Binhong theory, but his painting is in fact for the practice of his creative services, namely painting primarily on complementary, persistent spirit has always been the "ink" spirit, he formed with strong subjective history viewpoint and evaluation standard. Truly the Chinese traditional landscape painting, and to Leijuqunfen Tiaofenlvxi from the stream, and each period of the painting summarized and complementary application in his painting progress, he called the tonge.
Two is the aesthetic realm of grand gomez.
He Tianjian attention learning from nature, but is not a general sense of "do search Qifeng scratch", he valued Wu Daozi Chen and the powderless, recorded in the heart "and" Gu move would result in "the two words. He really is the landscape, deep thorough, and remember in front of mountain, and not for the painting and painting attitude, see things on the painting, you forget that. This site by cultivating mind, inspire efforts, can "move to", "Empathy" in the days after the creation of Kung Fu, he is Tonge has persisted since after the age of 20 "lessons". So, whether it is he or his own creative draft, or class teaching, he is the sketch landscape, and the training of the mind and the animation machine as an important part of practical experience. But in his later creation, cited Chuang-tzu's "will not come, condensate to God" to explain and understand the spirit of Chinese painting creation with deeper importance.
Painting in the modern sea, although the same was four yuan, He Tianjian has the kind of deep about Acer America, gloomy magnificent style, say Wu Hufan and other typical southern literati painters in temperament style be quite different.